People’s Front For The Republic Of Kosovo

Spring 1981

Popular demonstrations broke out in Kosovo under the slogan “Kosovo Republic”, aimed at reconciliation of Kosovo with six other republics of former Yugoslavia, this was a peacefull demonstration but the regime answered with a terror state.

– The regime answered with terror a state. The police suppressed the demonstrations with the  -army and setting in motion heavy weaponry to break up the peace demonstrations.

– Consequently killed dozens, injured hundreds and jailed thousands of people during and after demonstrations. Since at that time any demonstrations in Kosovo would have the eyes of a world turned to Yugoslavia, and focusing on the horrible conditions the kosovo-albanians were living under led by the dictator Milosevic’s regime.
– June 1981

Hydajet Hyseni, Mehmet Nezir Hajrizi Myrtaj with their secret group, released into circulation a platform for further organization entitled:

“The thesis about the People’s Front for the Republic of Kosovo.” In the thesis there are the arguments that indicate that Kosovo belongs to the status of the Republic in the Federation, that it is achievable and that the people of Kosovo has the potential to fight for its profit. – A number of activist groups that operated in secret against the regime had escaped or fled abroad.

– Out of Kosovo began deployment of the fugitives. They began a intense activity that continues rising for the Republic of Kosovo abroad, especially in Western Europe. Yugoslav leadership also responded to terror activity abroad.
-January 17, 1982 in Germany, three of the most prominent activists of the time, Yusuf Gërvalla, Kadri Zeka and Bardhosh Gërvalla were assasinated.

-February 2, 1982, Representatives for the two secret patriotic groups, led by Sabri Novosella and Abdullah Prapashtica, both whom were political fugitives from Kosovo, while in Turkey they announce that the People’s front for socialist albania in Yugoslavia is offically formed, present is Albania’s ambassador in Turkey Mr. Bujar Hoxha.
– May 15, 1982 in Switzerland, Xhafer Shatri of LRSSHJ states.

The purpose of LRSSHJ was to achieve the formation of the Republic of Kosovo within the Yugoslav federation which would include areas inhabited by the Albanian majority.
– 1982 to 1984  LRSSHJ-directs the Central Committee’s LRSSHJ composed of 15 members. Among others and Xhafer Shatri, Novo Sabri Ibrahim Kelmendi, Fahredin Tafallari, Mala Hassan, Abdullah Kadri, etc..
– June of 1982 in Germany, the technique that Yusuf Gërvalla had left behind they continue the publication of the newspaper called “Voice of Kosovo.” Editor of the newspaper was Skender Durmishi.
1982: Locla cells of FFSAIJ in Kosovo  represented by Nuh Berisha, Gafurr Elshani, Ilaz Kadolli, Ahmet Isufi, Shaban Shala, Ilmi Zeka, etc..
– 1982: FFSAIJ directing its members to work in groups abroad.
– During the year 1983: the newspaper “Voice of Kosovo” passes in Switzerland. Editor of the newspaper until 1985 will be Xhafer Shatri.
– 1983: Activists of FFSAIJ, Sami Kurteshi, Zijah Shemsiu are arrested by the Yugoslav police, they are reported carrying weapons from Switzerland into Kosovo. After 18 months of being held by the Yugoslav and constantly being tortured while held (May 5, 1985) Zijah Shemsiu is executed in an Belgrade prison.

– While the organisation organizes demonstrations for the Republic abroad. Demonstrations were organized in Kosovo to mark the demonstration of 1981 and the call for the independence of the country was repeated.
– 11 January 1984, Pristina: Serb forces surround the mighty Hill’s, organisations activists Nuhi Berisha  and Rexhep Mala are killed.

Arrested Kadri Osmani, Enver Topalli and hundreds of others.
– February 8, 1984: After an uneven fight activist Bajram Bahtiri is killed by Serbian forces.
– May 1984: Leaders of  “Voice of Kosovo”  are elected with the following composition: Xhafer Shatri, Fazli Veliu, Mustafa Xhemajli, Saim Isufi, Emrush Xhemajli, Agim Mala Hassan, Muhamer Shabbir, Hasan mala etc..
– 1985, the first part of the year. Council of  the organization changes it’s name from front for the socialist albania in Yugoslavia to the Peoples front for the republic of Kosovo. In this case the name was changed from LRSSHJ in LPRK (Popular Movement for the Republic of Kosovo).
– 1985: Arrests of activists of LPK are ordered in Albanian territories in the former Jugsollavia.

-1985 Prekaz: LPK Council Formed members are Adem Jashari, Sami Lushtaku, Jakup Nura, Nuredin Lushtaku etc.

– 8. 11. 1986, Zurich:  In the consultative meeting held in Zurich by LPK council they form a group that would be in charge of gathering funds.
– July 1987, Switzerland (St. Gallen, Zurich, Delemont). Coucil of LPK holds a meeting with its delegates  and delegate Ahmet Haxhiu, sent by the council in Albanian territories in former Yugoslavia.

This meeting lasted three days. LPK’s  program was approved and LPK’s  statute, the resolutions were approved and elected a new leadership. Fazli Veliu was elected Chairman, Secretary Emrush Xhemajli, Gafurr Elshani responsible for the finances, members of the LPK council, Avni Dehari, Ernest Jurstver, Xhavit Haliti, Recep Halimi. As well as editorial board of “Voice of Kosovo,” the editor Mustafa Xhemajli. Organ lawmakers of LPK was appointed General Council (until then called the Central Committee) and consisted of 21 persons.
– 1988: LPK sends a petition in Albanian and French to the conference about the Balkan countries.
– 1989: The program of LPK is published in Albanian, French, German and Croatian.

– 1989: LPK formes a military sector within the LPK.

– Beginning of 1989. LPK, branch abroad were brought on in Kosovo strengthening its two prominent activists: Ali Ahmeti (Abazi) and Hajdin Abazi (Rexhën, Lum Haxhiu, respectively).

– 1987-1989. LPK  activists in europe organized hundreds of events for the purpose of extending it’s program. LPK  extended its network. LPK grew in it’s size and members. Ahmet Haxhiu, Ali Reshani, Sahit Krasniqi, Shaban Muja, Seferi Arif, organizing and financing under the Chairmanship of the LPK  council they provide weapons, ammunition and military equipment.

– 1988-1989: the most prominent activists  of LPK in Kosovo were: Fadil Vata, Afrim Zhitia, Ahmet Haxhiu, Arif Seferi, Fahri Fazliu, Ali verse, Bedri Sokol, Sabri Kiçmari, Beqir Beqa, Sahit Krasniqi, Jakup Nura, Shukri Buja, Shaban Muja, Azem Syla, Ibish Neziri, Musa Demir, Ramadan Avdiu, Ilaz Kadolli, Beajdin Allaqi, Binak Berisha, Bahri Fazliu, Servete Krasniqi and many others.

– March 1989, Prizeren: LPK activist Xhemajl Berisha tortued by Serbian police dies in prison.

– March – April 1989. LPK organized demonstrations against the abolition of Kosovo’s autonomy and demands the independece of Kosovo with it’s 98% of albanians.

– May 31, 1989. LPK organizes demonstration in Podujevo.

– 1989 in Pristina out two bulletins of the “Voice of Kosovo.” A number of the newsletter “Mineral” (editor Hajdin Abbas) and 6 numbers of the newsletter of “ZIK-ut”, “Road to Freedom”, editor Afrim Zhitia and Fadil Vata. – 80-years of: The organization’s stand LPK 8 local radio broadcasts issued in europe  in which they seek a nationwide demand for the Republic of Kosovo.

– October 1989, and Ollten Baden, Switzerland. Held council’s  II general LPK meeting and approved resolutions in which is given to support any activity that is freedom-loving to the  LPK program. Delegates at the meeting among others are: Fadil Vata, Arif Ahmet Haxhiu and Seferi.

– November 1989. LPK organized demonstrations for Republic of Kosovo and demanded the release of former leaders of the autonomy.

– November 2, 1989, Sunny Hill, Pristina. Surrounded by Serbian police the LPK activists, Afrim Zhitia and Fahri Fazliu are killed after a 10 hour uneven fight.

– January 1990. LPK organizes demonstrations for the the independence of the country.

– May 1990: Ali Reshani, LPK activist, during the transportation of arms to Kosovo, he is caught with a haul of weapons and ammunition in the Italian border and is sentenced to  six years in prison.

– 19 May to 2 June 1990: LPK organizes demonstration in Geneva: The demonstration lasted two weeks without a interruption. The last day was attended by tens of thousands of kosovo-albanians living in europe. Protesters sent a petition for recognition of the rights of the Albanian people in Yugoslavia with 26 thousand signatures.

– April – May 1990. LPK organizes avsigning of the petition addressed to the Assembly with the request that it be declared Republic of Kosovo.

– 1990. LPK’s activists were the main organizers on the ground for a reconciliation of feuds in Kosovo. Top foremost among them were Adem Graboci, Hava Shala, Myrvete H, Ibish Neziri, Naser Veliu, Nuri Zeka etc.

– July 1990. LPK approved a resolution which established the program with the independence of Kosovo. LPK’s council decides that the “for” the name of the Popular Movement for the Republic of Kosovo be turned into “e” after the Republic, on July 2 and is called the National Movement of the Republic of Kosovo

– 1990-1991: LPK establishes co-operation with the Union of Independent Trade Unions of Kosovo with its President Mr. Hajrullah Gorani.

– 1990-1991: LPK council supports the organization of territorial guard and the villages and neighborhoods.

– September 1991, Pristina: Held the LPK’s consultation. Present at the meeting were Xhavit Haziri, Ahmet Haxhiu, Adem Demaci, Emrush Xhemajli, Ramadan Avdiu, Hydajet Hyseni, Mehmet Hajrizi. Neziri Ibish and Adem Demaci hereby made a lengthy discussion about how one thinks the LPK should work in the coming years.

– October 1991, Drenica.  LPK meeting is held.

– October 1991: Editor of “Voice of Kosovo” was selected Avni Dehari.

– 1991: LPK council gives special contribution to the formation of the Union of Clubs and Societies Forum in Switzerland and other countries.

– 1990-1991: KLA argued that “there is no democracy without freedom”.

– 1990-1991. Council of LPK and decides to begin the action “Korab”. This action included a program of training the future fighters armed struggle. The drill was set to take place in small groups. A portion of those trained went on to become a part of training in Albania.

– 1991: Xhavit Haziri, Ahmet Haxhiu and Xhavit Haliti meet with the Albanian President Ramiz Alia. There they receive moral support and promises that he will help Kosovo on its way to gaining freedom and independence.

– The second part of 1991, Zurich: Co-ordination was formed with the Albanian political parties in Switzerland. This council took the decision to terminate other funds that were funding the Bukoshi government who had given no financial support to the armed rezistence that LPK was creating. The purpose of the fund was financing the armed resistance in Kosovo.

– 1991-1992: At the request of Fehmi Lladrovci, LPK helps financially and with it’s equipment the Albanian military units in Croatia with it’s residence in Gospic.

– 1991-1992: LPK meet several times with the Government of Bukoshi to reach and agreement on joint actions towards the independece of Kosovo.The Bukoshi government did not respond to commitments made earlier.

– 1992. The Council of LPK appoints Beqir Beqen as editor of “Voice of Kosovo.”

– 1992, Zurich, Switzerland: The council of LPK receives a visit from a delegation of the Socialist Party led by Albanians Party Chairman Fatos Nano. In the meeting it’s made clear the impartial side the LPK has towards the political rivalries in Albania and it is required that in case of conflict in Kosovo to not close the borders for the Kosovo Albanians from Albanias side.

– 1993, Switzerland. The council of LPK establishes a fund “Homeland Calling.” The Fund was established after failed attempts with the help of the Government of Bukoshi and through the fund military actions begin to liberate Kosovo.

– 1992 – July 1993: LPK militant staged several armed actions against Serbian troops.

– 1993: Fazli Veliu, Emrush Xhemajli and Xhavit Haliti meet with Albanias president Salih Berisha.

– 28 to 29 July 1993, Pristina:A  meeting is held by the council of LPK. Participants: Xhavit Haziri, Ramadan Avdiu, Halil Selimi, Adnan Aslan, Isa Krasniqi, Xheladin Gashi, Fatmir Brajshori, Fazli Veliu, Emrush Xhemajli, Beqir Beqa, Sabri Kiçmari (Branch delegates abroad LPK), and others leaders and delegates from the field. In meeting the program changes. Achieving the goal of armed struggle for the liberation of Kosovo (Albanian territories in former Yugoslavia). Approved the resolution by which the armed struggle should be the priority of the actions of the LPK.

– July 1994, Pristina: from the torture and disease  LPK activist had gotten in prison Ahmet Haxhiu dies.

– August 7, 1994. LPK activist Hasan Ramadan, surrounded by Serbian police forces at his home in Shajkovc.

– 1992-1994-1998, Switzerland – Albania – Kosovo: The council of LPK takes a decision on the formation of sectors of activity and giving greater action in specific sectors: the political section, Fazli Veliu Muhamet Kelmendi ; Section of communications Emrush Xhemajli, Gafurr Elshani, Adem Grabovci. The special section within LPK it’s main mission is to create the KLA , members of the special sector are Xhavit Haliti, Ali Ahmeti, Azem Syla.

– 17. 11. 1994 Switzerland. Council of LPK took the decision that the new military organization would be called “Kosovo Liberation Army.” The first communication was decided to hold no. 11. Participants in the meeting are: Fazli Veliu, Emrush Xehmajli, Ali Ahmeti, Xhavit Haliti, Gafurr Elshani.

– 1994-1998: LPK consistently called the citizens of Kosovo to join the armed struggle.

– Spring 1997, Germany: The council of LPK by a majority of votes approves the request of a group of activists known to the LPK, Fehmi Lladrovci Xheve Lladrovci Ilaz Hill, etc, To go to help activist Adem Jashari . Responsible for the preparation of their schedules Ali Ahmeti, but unfortunately the group led by Ramush Haradinaj and Luan Haradinaj fell in wait Luan Haradinaj is killed, while wounded Rafet Rama. Group entered later in Kosovo, piece by piece.

– August 1997, Golem, Albania: Activists of LPK, Ilaz Hill, and the Rexha Abed Rahman Rama, departing from the base of the KLA in Golem and successfully arrive in Drenica.

– 1998. Council appoints Adnan Aslam  editor in chief of the “Voice of Kosovo.”

– 1998: Editorial Office of “Voice of Kosovo” have made arrangements with the student editorial team “New World” that was led by Muhammad Mavraj that they publish the same material at the same time.

– Beginning of 1998. Council of LPK decides to print the KLA emblem and issue tens of thousands of copies of the emblem.

– March 1998: the council of LPK, the editorial staff of “Voice of Kosovo” publish a book, “Liberation Army of Kosovo” which includes most of the activity of the KLA until then, the author Gafurr Elshani. The book had several reprints.

– March – April 1998: The council of LPK in Albania. At this time important decisions were taken that led to increased supply to the KLA with weapons, clothes and medicine. For this purpose many meetings were held with the groups of mobilization and logistics supply. But at this time with the decision of the coucil to first purchase the satellite phones the Kosovo Liberation Army  needed. Satellite phones were distributed in the active areas at this time.

– The rest of the LPK that remained in Europe and in Albania became the main political support, diplomatic, financial and logistical support for the KLA from outside the field: Fazli Veliu, Ali Ahmeti, Xhavit Halili, Raif Gashi, Sejdi Gega, Refik Hamiti, Salih Yasar, Bardhyl Mahmuti, Uncle Ibërdema, Sahit Krasniqi, Ukëhaxha Hasan, Murat Jashari, Chief Xhaferi, Ibrahim Kelmendi, Xhavit Hoxha, Salih Bicku, Xhavit Bajracharya, Agush Buja, Musa Demir, Halil Selimi, Ramiz Lladrovci, Gafurr Zendeli Recep Halimi, Muharrem Elshani, Afrim Emini, Sahadete Zhitia, Selam Bajrami, Pleurat Sejdiu.

– May 6, 1998 Rajce / Struga: The organization of the LPK successfully broke through the Macedonian military unit that carried weapons and ammunition.

– November 1999. The establishment of the Council for coordinating the work of the LPK. The purpose of the Council was to continue its program of LPK in new condition and held meetings of the District Councils of the LPK for organizing the Fifth General Meeting

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